Treatment or Protection Strategies

As it is considered to be a multifactorial disease, improve the immunological status and give the optimal feeding. Adapt the feeding (reduced fat) to the digestive physiology of fish in winter time.


Antibiotic therapy. Oxolinic acid (30 mg/kg of fish) has proven to be effective if administered daily in the feed for a minimum of 3 weeks.

Water temperature. Increase the temperature above 18 °C.